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Vincent Prior
AP American History
Quiz #4

    The first two Presidents of the United States had a common goal of allowing the United States to mature into power, however, they were also very different on most policies and the morals which the brought to the office.
    George Washington was against all partisan politics. He was against the rivalry between the Federalists and the Republicans and was disturbed by what Hamilton and Jefferson brought to their offices. Hamilton wanted the country to be United, but he wanted to be so only under his plans. Jefferson wanted independence, but he did not want the economic development that would allow the country to defend its independence. Washington stayed on the line during his two terms in office, he did not belong to a party, but rather did what he thought was best for the country. In his farewell address he spoke against the "baneful effects of the spirit of party."
    Washington also warned the nation to stay out of foreign affairs. He had feared for the country when Americans divided into French and English faction. France had also hindered foreign affairs. Washington warned the people about foreign affairs by telling them, "Against the insidious wiles of foreign influence, the jealousy of a free people ought to be constantly awake." Also, he said that permanent alliances should be avoided, however, temporary alliances may sometimes be useful.
    Adams on the other hand was less for the country, and more for his party. During his term he pushed the Alien & Sedition acts through congress. These acts were compromised of three laws, the Naturalization Act, the Alien Enemies Act and the Sedition Act. The Naturalization Act increased the time which a foreigner must reside in the United States before being able to apply for citizenship. The Alien Enemies Act allowed the president to arrest or expel aliens in time of war. This allowed the president to expel all aliens that he thought were dangerous to the United States. The Sedition Act made it a crime to impede the operation of any law or to instigate a riot. However this act also made it illegal to publish or say any "false, scandalous and malicious" words of high government officials. The Sedition Act was used by Adams in a number of cases. First of all he used the Acts against the press. When the elections rolled around, he had 25 people arrested for publishing "malicious" things about Adams. He also used these Acts to arrest people who he thought might vote republican. He wanted to guarantee his party a victory.
    While both of these Presidents are considered our founding fathers, Washington did a much better at his job. Washington wanted to further the country while Adams wanted to use the power for his own well-being and for his party's.